永利yl12355 cc-5335永利网址-首页

您当前的位置:永利yl12355 cc > 施工设计 > 电气设计

装配式建筑电气设计分析

  1充分了解装配式建筑的构造、加工、施工等基本特性,明确具体项目中各单体采用的装配式结构体系及预制混凝土构件分布情况,制定科学、合理、经济、高效的设备管线安装敷设总体方案。
  2在进行土建预制装配施工的过程中浓,必须要制定一个科学、合理的施工方案,这样电气设计的做法和设计流程才能变得更加合理。在进行建筑电气设计的过程中,要对其的电气设计做法和流程进行调整,对建筑结构和各项参数进行定量,并且还要不断结合建筑预制墙和叠合楼板的特殊构造和具体分布,并制定合理的管线敷设路由排布方案,对其的重点区域进行规划,不断结合建筑施工的实际情况进行预制构件的预埋和预留。在进行预制装配式建筑干预局部板墙构件拆分的时候,要对其的形式方案进行拆分和协商,这样建筑土建预制装配施工的质量才能的得到提升。
  3户内配电箱、弱电箱方位
  (1)在进行预制装配建筑弱电箱和户内配电箱安装的过程中,要对其的方位进行精准的确定,这样每户的信号和电源才能满足用户的需求。弱电箱和户内配电箱在施工过程中需要集中大量的管线,一般情况下都不会安装在预制墙体上的,这样不仅可以减少弱电箱和户内配电箱的难度,同时还能有效的减少安装的难度。在住宅内部安装的时候,弱电箱和配电箱分布在住宅的两侧,并且在进行安装的时候,还要对建筑本身的结构进行严格的复核,这样才能保证建筑墙体的防火性和隔音性能够达到建筑施工相关标准的要求。
  (2)建筑弱电箱和户内配电箱叠合板块的管线相对来讲出现回路非常集中,并且进出的管线非常大,这种现象导致进出管线之间经常会出现交叉现象,其中配电箱的管线本身的外管直径整体大于40mm,现浇层厚度一般都在80-60mm,现浇层已不能保证电气管线的敷设在避让钢筋网片的同时确保楼板的结构施工质量。在此情形下,除设法分流该处的管线外,可通过减少建筑面层增加现浇层厚度来解决问题;如还不能满足,可要求结构专业调整局部方案,在户内配电箱、弱电箱相对应部位的区域采用传统全现浇楼板,而户内其他部位仍采取叠合楼板,以确保楼板的结构应力安全。
  4结语
  综上所述,在进行预制装配式建筑电气设计的时候,设计人员必须要制定高效、科学、合理的排布路由和设备管线敷设方案,这样装配式建筑的整体性和节点把握水平才能得到提升,装配式建筑电气设计的合理性才能得到提高。
    1. Fully understand the construction, processing, construction and other basic characteristics of prefabricated buildings, make clear the distribution of prefabricated structural system and prefabricated concrete components used by each single unit in the specific project, and formulate a scientific, reasonable, economic and efficient overall plan for the installation and laying of equipment and pipelines.
    2 in the process of prefabrication and assembly of civil engineering, a scientific and reasonable construction scheme must be made, so that the electrical design method and design process can become more reasonable. In the process of building electrical design, it is necessary to adjust its electrical design practices and processes, quantify the building structure and parameters, and constantly combine the special structure and specific distribution of prefabricated walls and composite floors, and develop a reasonable pipeline laying routing scheme, plan its key areas, and constantly combine the actual construction Embedded and reserved prefabricated components. When the prefabricated building interferes with the splitting of local panel wall components, the formal scheme should be split and negotiated, so that the quality of the prefabricated construction of civil engineering can be improved.
    Orientation of indoor distribution box and weak current box
    (1) During the installation of prefabricated building weak current box and indoor distribution box, its orientation should be accurately determined, so that the signal and power supply of each household can meet the needs of users. Weak current box and indoor distribution box need to concentrate a large number of pipelines in the construction process. Generally, they will not be installed on the prefabricated wall, which can not only reduce the difficulty of weak current box and indoor distribution box, but also effectively reduce the difficulty of installation. During the internal installation of the house, the weak current box and distribution box are distributed on both sides of the house, and during the installation, the structure of the building itself should be strictly rechecked, so as to ensure that the fire resistance and sound insulation of the building wall can meet the requirements of the relevant standards of the construction.
    (2) Relatively speaking, the pipeline of the building weak current box and indoor distribution box overlapped plate has a very concentrated circuit, and the pipeline in and out is very large, which often leads to cross phenomenon between the incoming and outgoing pipelines. The overall diameter of the external pipe of the distribution box itself is greater than 40mm, and the thickness of the cast-in-place layer is generally 80-60mm. The cast-in-place layer can no longer guarantee the laying of the electrical pipeline At the same time, the structural construction quality of the floor is ensured. In this case, the problem can be solved by reducing the thickness of the cast-in-place layer and increasing the thickness of the cast-in-place layer in addition to trying to separate the pipeline at this place; if it can not be met, the structural specialty can be required to adjust the local scheme, and the traditional full cast-in-place floor slab is used in the corresponding area of indoor distribution box and weak current box, while the composite floor slab is still used in other parts of the room to ensure the structural stress safety of the floor slab 。
    4 Conclusion
    To sum up, in the electrical design of prefabricated buildings, designers must formulate efficient, scientific and reasonable layout and equipment pipeline laying scheme, so that the integrity and node control level of prefabricated buildings can be improved, and the rationality of electrical design of prefabricated buildings can be improved.


永利yl12355 cc|5335永利网址

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图